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Realism, idealism, and skepticism deal with whether reality can be known, how knowledge is formed, and what knowledge is. A fundamental question of knowledge and reality is how reasoning individuals are able to formulate hypotheses, involving the categorization of phenomena in nature and the identification of relationships between them.

The realist believes that humans have an innate ability to perceive reality as it actually exists. For the realist, there is no problem about knowing because our bodies simply perceived reality as it is through the senses.

Realists have the attitude and practice of accepting a situation as it is, as they perceive it, and dealing with it accordingly. Something that is real exists today, it occurs in fact.

See idealism.