scientific method

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""The principles and empirical processes of discovery and demonstration considered characteristic of or necessary for scientific investigation, generally involving the observation of phenomena, the formulation of a hypothesis concerning the phenomena, experimentation to demonstrate the truth or falseness of the hypothesis, and a conclusion that validates or modifies the hypothesis."" - Source: scientific method. The American HeritageĀ® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition, Houghton Mifflin Company, 2004. method (accessed: November 27, 2006)

Scientific method, parts and causality -- (Stacey, 2000, pp 22)
Hypotheses formed suggest causal links between the parts of the phenomena being investigated. This kind of hypotheses focuses attention on cause and effect links having an ""if-then"" structure applied to one part of the whole. The method involves isolating linear causal links, those of an efficient, or sufficient, kind. Therefore, the scientific method involves a reductionist approach in that attention was focused on the parts of a phenomenon. Those parts were postulated to behave predictably according to efficient causality, while the interaction between them was accorded no significance. The interaction simply followed from the nature of each part.

The natural scientific method represented a theory of causality in which efficient cause predominated and it as this that accounted for stability and change, both of an entirely predictable kind, so that organizations, or form, is equated with continuity and repetition without the possibility of novelty.