You are here


There is the Kantian dualistic view of dialectic and the Hegelian paradoxical view.

Kant --
In the Kantian view, dialectic is regarded as a conflict, like a debate, with opposing forces. In this view, opposites are resolved in a way that eliminates paradox. There is a dualism of thesis and antithesis which is resolved by the formation of a synthesis. This is commonly described as the antithesis overthrowing the thesis to produces a new thesis as synthesis. This implies a linear view of time in which there is a past consisting of an opposition of thesis and antithesis and a future in which they will be synthesized, creating an impression of closure in which there is not paradox.

Hegel --
Hegel dialectic is from the paradoxical nature of thought and interaction with a non-linear understanding of time. Hegel's view of though is that it is inherently paradoxical, having continual simultaneous conflict. Internal gesture-response is the singular form of plural-gesture response, where the difference in these gestures and responses, whether in individually or between individuals, take place in the dynamic living present. Diversity, the difference in identity-difference, results in both continuity and the emergence of changed identity, novelty. Time in Hegel's view, is that of the living present, where the movement of the living present recreates the history, or past, together with the expectation of the future, out of which the individual initiates acts. The ongoing gesture - response produces continuity with the potential for difference, i.e. novelty, resulting in transformation.

It is Hegel's view of dialectic which is at the heart of transformative causality and organizational evolution.